Sorbtech Gel Filtration – Size Exclusion Chromatography Products

Cost-Effective Gel Filtration Columns and Resins for High-Resolution Purification of Proteins, Enzymes, Polysaccharides, Nucleic Acids, and Other Biological Macromolecules with Enhanced Performance.

Our gel filtration resins are specifically engineered to improve performance for separations of macromolecules from buffer salts, unconjugated labeling reagents, and other molecules.

This achieves rapid purification before downstream applications.

Sorbtech Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) resins provide high-resolution fractionations by careful control of particle size distribution, particle shape, and pore-size distributions.

Results (fractionation control) are superior in performance to competitive products. This yields excellent selectivity with minimized peak broadening.

size exclusion chromatography SEC-Gel-filtration

Sorbtech resins for size exclusion chromatography are available as bulk resins or prepacked columns.

  • SorbaDex – A dextran-based SEC solid-phase for process purification of proteins and nucleic acids
  • SorbaRose – An agarose-based SEC solid-phase available in 4% and 6% concentrations and various surface modifications for numerous applications
  • SuperSorb – An agarose-dextran based SEC solid-phase available in two fractionation ranges for numerous applications

Our superior performance media provides a smart, cost-effective alternative to more expensive competitive fractionation resins, including Sephadex™, Sepharose™, and Superdex™ from Cytiva™ (formerly GE).

Size Exclusion Chromatography: Principle, Mechanism, and Diverse Applications

Abstract: Size exclusion chromatography (SEC), also known as gel filtration chromatography, is a powerful analytical technique widely employed for the separation and characterization of biomolecules and polymers based on their size. This article provides an overview of the principles, mechanisms, and various applications of size exclusion chromatography in different fields of science and industry.

1. Introduction: Size exclusion chromatography (SEC) is a chromatographic technique used for the separation and analysis of macromolecules based on their size. It operates on the principle that molecules are separated according to their ability to penetrate a porous stationary phase, which allows smaller molecules to enter the pores while larger molecules are excluded and elute first. This article explores the mechanism of SEC and its applications in diverse fields.

2. Mechanism of Size Exclusion Chromatography: SEC utilizes a porous stationary phase, typically composed of cross-linked gel beads or particles with defined pore sizes. As a sample is applied to the column, smaller molecules enter the pores and take longer paths, resulting in slower elution times. Larger molecules are excluded from the pores and thus have shorter elution times. The elution profile generates a chromatogram that separates molecules based on their hydrodynamic volume, allowing for effective size-based separation.

3. Applications of Size Exclusion Chromatography:

3.1. Biomolecular Analysis: SEC is widely used to characterize proteins, nucleic acids, and other biomolecules. It helps determine the molecular weight distribution, oligomeric state, and aggregation status of proteins. In structural biology, SEC can aid in protein folding studies and complex formation analyses.

3.2. Polymer Characterization: For synthetic and natural polymers, SEC is invaluable in determining molecular weight distribution, polydispersity, and polymer size. This information is crucial for polymer quality control, polymer synthesis optimization, and understanding polymer behavior in various applications.

3.3. Environmental Sciences: SEC has found utility in environmental analysis, enabling the separation and quantification of dissolved organic matter, polymers, and particles in water samples. This aids in understanding organic matter cycling in aquatic ecosystems.

3.4. Pharmaceuticals: In drug development, SEC is applied to analyze the purity and heterogeneity of protein-based therapeutics. It is crucial for assessing the aggregation state and stability of biopharmaceuticals.

3.5. Food and Beverage Industry: SEC assists in the analysis of macromolecular components such as polysaccharides, proteins, and lipids in food and beverages. It aids in quality control and formulation development.

3.6. Petrochemical Industry: SEC is used to characterize crude oil fractions, polymers, and additives. It helps determine molecular weight distributions and monitor polymerization processes.

4. Advanced Techniques and Future Directions: Recent advancements in SEC include the coupling of SEC with other analytical techniques like mass spectrometry, light scattering, and nuclear magnetic resonance. These hybrid methods provide more comprehensive information about macromolecules’ size and structure.

5. Conclusion: Size exclusion chromatography is a versatile technique with applications spanning across biology, chemistry, material science, and more. Its ability to separate molecules solely based on their size makes it an indispensable tool for analyzing complex mixtures and understanding macromolecular behavior. Continued advancements in SEC methodologies and its integration with other techniques hold promise for uncovering even deeper insights into macromolecular structures and interactions.